From Genesis (2:15) to Revelation (14:14–20) the Bible is dominated by farmers and their endless labour as they struggled to feed the Palestinian population despite droughts (Jer. 14:1–6), their main enemy, and pests and armed intruders. Nevertheless they did produce wheat, grapes, olives, and other crops and maintained herds of cattle and flocks of sheep. So vital was agriculture to the nation's survival that there were regulations governing it in the Law (Deut. 22:9–10) and there were three religious festivals (the feast of Weeks at the time of first fruits and the feast of Booths [[➝ booth]] (Tabernacles [[➝ Tabernacles, feast of]]) at the harvest of fruits, and Passover at the beginning of the corn harvest) associated with it. The processes of agriculture were frequently used in Jesus' parables. Ploughing was done after the autumn rains, and then the seed was sown by hand. Harvesting took place in the months April to June. Olives and grapes were gathered in the early autumn and this was marked by the feast of Tabernacles [[➝ Tabernacles, feast of]]. This originally agricultural festival was provided with a historical interpretation by the Holiness [[➝ holiness]] Code (Lev. 23:43) and was said to commemorate the Israelites' wanderings in the desert when they possessed no permanent houses. (But surely ‘booths’ of greenery in the wilderness stretches the historical imagination.) After threshing and winnowing the grain had to be stored (Luke 12:18) and the chaff could be burnt (Matt. 3:12). Flax was available for clothes.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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